The Templar


Their permanence in the secret

Víctor Manuel Guzmán Villena


A lot of ink has poured on the Templar's enigma, which they were careful to encourage the mystery around them. All, in a medieval world in which the marvellous and magical thing reigned, they assumed the evidence of some origins that even they seemed to base on the supernatural thing of the numerical secrets. After the first Crusade, nine French Knights decided to found an Order, among whose intentions, and as opposed to what happened with the crusaders, was not that of fighting systematically the Muslims. Did neither they attend poor and to sick, as to happen with the Knights of Saint John (later,Knights of Malta) or with the Hospitable ones, created in 1120, neither they remain circumscribed to a territorial ambiance of action –such is the latest case of the Teutonic Knights, founded toward 1198 in the territories of the Baltic one– but that of defending the Christians that journeyed to the Holy Places.

Hugues of Payns, who was really the initial promoter and his first Big Master, Geoffroy de Saint-Omer, Geoffroy Bisol, André de Montbard, Payen de Montdidier, Archambaud de Saint-Amand, Gondemar, Rossal and Hugues de Champagne they all settled in Jerusalem and founded the Order of the Knights of the Temple in 1118. Balduino II, who was reigning then in the city, allowed them to establish their headquarters in a room of his palace, placed close to the mosque of Al-Aqsa, The Unique, in the raised area once was the ancient Temple of Salomon and of that, for the above mentioned reason, they will take the name of Templar … Hundred ninety-six years of life for a powerful just as controversial organization, twenty-two Big Masters until 1314,year in which they disappear.

An unusual order, half religious and half warrior, that in few years converted in the richest community and powerful group of the church, and in alive mirror of the saint war that Rome was praising to convert the complete world to the Christian faith.

The duality was always a characteristic that defined to the Temple, and that turns out to be reflected graphically in the white and black, the pure thing and the impure thing, of their banner, the Beaucent (name that they were invoking on having entered combat) and other symbols, like emblems and shields. The duality was done patent in their reason to be (monastic order and military), their function (to pray and to fight) and their image (the "external" of monks soldiers that fight for freeing Palestine and the "internal", of collectors and administrators of their wealth). The Order has remained magnificently symbolized in the walls of theirs constructions. To this organization many historians attribute more or less the probable paternity to the Freemasonry.

The Temple was an order; that is to say, a collective subject to the fulfilment of their own rules and formed by a handful of followers to reach aims that had to remain secret beyond the strict nucleus of their leaders in the Holy Land, where they always conserved their place. These leaders, from their foundation, established the functions and duties of all members, so that the strict fulfillment of the Rule lead to reach the power objectives that form the existence of the majority of these groups.

The Temple Rule governed the life of their monks and every hour of their day. A discipline was formed in the fulfillment of the rite where was coding their group conscience and was encouraged the conviction of being an only one cell which life did not have any more importance in itself that collaborate to the progress of the superior unit of which it was part.

The devotion of every Templar was to the protective saints of the order; their meals the one that all their brothers were following in the convents; their clothes, which were corresponding to the granted authority grade: commander, knight, sergeant; their prayers,the same for all the members, without a space to express individual devotions; the entire loyalty to their Superiors who, for nature, were simultaneously spiritual mentors and military hierarchy. And all these prescripts had to be obeyed, like a representation offered to the exterior world of which the temple was only one monolithic body without individualities.

Symbols and Templar's secrets

The Templar were big teachers in the art of the cryptography, a secret alphabet that is supposed they were using in theirs mercantile deals and confidential documents. The letters of the alphabet were consisting of angles and ends and could be read by means of a medallion that some knights were carrying. Later, the builders used a similar system. Also they practised the alchemy and they had discovered the philosopher's stone. In numerous architectural details there are symbols that indicate alchemy practices. In this sense the secret rule of the Order to the Templar they were prohibited to work certain matters by philosopher science and these would not be undertaken more than in hidden and secret places.

The Bahomet, which was used like argument for the condemnation of the Templar, but nobody knows for sure what it meant, or its origin or its ritual function. It is said of a head or bust that it would have the androgynous form, and to the one that the brothers of the Order were venerating. Possibly the symbol was alluding to the alchemy hermetecism and it would represent the union of the sulfur and the philosophical mercury, considered like the elements male and female in the attainment of the big work. For the modern Templar it would be a question of an object to favor the meditation,a kind of cosmic mandala.

The esoteric tradition teaches that the number is in the beginning of the Being on the triple divine plan, natural and human. Three, the symbol of the mystery or the Trinity, it was the Templar number, and the triangle the basic geometric figure of their constructions. Three or nine are present in his rituals of initiation and in their daily performances. The symbolic numbers are recorded in all the Templar constructions. For example in the church of the Temple of Paris, the central house of the order. The basic rotunda of the constructions was generated by two equilateral triangles of opposite senses that they form a star of six ends that is related to the seal of Salomon and that today is the star of the State of Israel.

The tradition has rescued to us the Order of the Temple big treasures, secret knowledge and other mysteries. Signs and symbols carved in the stone of the numerous constructions spread by our geography that they speak to us about the big enigma of the Christianity. The Ark of the Alliance, the Grail, wealth brought from Jerusalem and numerous relics supposedly belonging to Jesus Christ and whoever surrounded him. But the reality possibly is different. Perhaps they were the same knights those who were feeding their own legend to obtain the power that they hold. Two centuries of supremacy and a bloody end, in some cases

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