Our energy: The source of life


Victor Manuel Guzmán Villena

The energy we can conceptualize as willpower, stamina, tenacity, the power to act under. A body has energy when it is capable of doing work. Often, we use the word energy applied to humans, to a combustion engine, the force of water in the power plant, a nuclear power plant.

We apply this word to anything that is capable of making an effort to change, so one of the most important ways in which energy occurs is throught the heat and its main source is the sun, and this star of light represents to us as what is call conscience to act and transform.


Physiologists have limited their attention to the physical body, fairly dense, to observe, many are unaware of the degree of still physically material, but invisible and that in theosophy (doctrine of several schools illuminated by the divine) call ethereal, it is the mass of faintly violet gray light mist that penetrates the thick part of the physical body and extends beyond this.

This invisible part of the physical body is important because it is the link through which flow the vital currents that keep alive the body and serves as a bridge to transfer the undulations of thought and emotion from the astral body to the dense physical body, without this bridge the ego could not use the brain cells.


The chakras or force centers are points of connection or link through which energy flows from one to another vehicle or body. Any person who holds a degree of clairvoyance can see them easily in the double etheric, in which surface appears like depressions are swirling vortexes of energy. They are centers of force located within our body, through which we receive, transmit and process the vital energy.
The main purpose of working with the chakras and understand them is to create integration and unity within ourselves. Thus, we take the various aspects of our consciousness from the physical to the spiritual, to a harmonious relationship.

This Chakra is located at the base of the spine and corresponds to the vital energy, Physical Activity, Self-Confidence, the settlement that we have on earth.
This Chakra is located in the sacral area and corresponds to Creativity, Emotions and Sexuality.

This Chakra is located at the solar plexus and relates to Personal Power, Strength of Will, Intellect and Initiative.
This Chakra is located around the heart and relates to Feelings, Love, Idealism, Sensitivity and Mental Activity.
This Chakra is located in the throat area and relates to the Communication, Speech, Verbal and Emotional Expression.
This Chakra is located between the eye and corresponds to Intuition, Discernment, the ability to make Decisions and Learn.
This Chakra is located in the crown of the head and correspond to Spirituality, Inspiration and Channeling. It is the junction point with the Universe.


Finally, we began to recognize that the various aspects of ourselves (physical, material, sexual, spiritual, etc..) Work together, and that every aspect in itself is an integral part of everything.

Awareness of this gives great comprehension into how we affect our bodies, minds, circumstances for better or for worse. Understanding the chakras and their relationship to our consciousness is to understand better ourselves.

Understand ourselves will allow us to make decisions from ta place of consciousness and balance, and do not blinded influenced by unknown forces. The old adage still resonates: Know yourself!


The most powerful way to open, activate and balance all the chakras and keep our body and mind in a healthy condition is unconditionally love ourselves and others. This may not seem a scientific technique, but it is.

Love is the bigger "healer". Love is the "vitalizing" electricity, nourishing and sustaining of life. When we love ourselves and we are able to offer this love to others, we maintain our system body/mind vitalized charged with this electricity.

To love ourselves and others, unconditionally, may sound like something difficult to achieve but in reality is as simple as starting to believe it's possible!


Lie down, place the corresponding stone for the mineral kingdom or a clear crystal quartz in each of the chakras.

Relax in a comfortable position. When you breathe, imagine and feel a chakra and surrounding organs with vital force. Do this for one of the seven chakras. Become aware of your breath. Conscious breathing aligns your body, mind and spirit.

Use your imagination. It is one of the most valuable tools you possess to create any reality you choose.

Use the power of vibration of the sound (song, litany, musical instruments.) Knowingly expand your expression of unconditional love, compassion, gratitude, forgiveness and creativity.

-Live a life of honesty and integrity.
-Eat fruits and vegetables with the corresponding colors of the chakras.

Crown Chakra: Violet
Third Eye Chakra: White
Throat Chakra: Turquoise
Heart Chakra: Green
Solar Plexus Chakra: Orange
Spleen chakra: Yellow
Basic Chakra: Red

*Add transparent quartz crystals quartz in the water you drink.
*Selfless service will help open the chakras in a natural and unforced way.
*Sleep time to time in the open, lying on the floor in a beautiful place of nature, head north, to align and charge yourself with the electromagnetic force of the earth.

Patience to learn how to live


To live is the art of being happy and patience is the art of knowing how to live


To the few weeks after to be born, the birds fly, the ducks swim, the cats leave to hunt. To the fifteen minutes of to have come to the light, the bull calf already puts itself standing up and begins to walk behind its mother. They do not need to learn to walk, to fly, to swim, to hunt. By the mere fact to exist, they have all the means necessary to defend themselves and to survive. It would be possible to be said that all the techniques come elaborated in the entrances of their organism; they bring them learned without the need for training: is their instinctive tools that leads them to the roads of the survival.

It does not happen thus to the human. Once been born, the human creature is the most helpless being of the creation. Everything must learn; with the particularity of which the instinct works spontaneously, almost mechanically; however, the use of intelligence estimates risks, because it forces the mankind to realise a complex process of analysis, comparison, exclusion, option, which involves substantial uncertainties and unpredictable emergencies. And by this way a tasteless visitor reach us,, as a shadow never again separates from our side: The anxiety

Learning the art of living does not end when the human reaches his majority of age, or when get an academic degree to pursue a profession and to be autonomous. Because to live it does not consist of gaining the material daily living or forming a home. What get to the person to have secured a solid economic situation, have been educated or to form a home, if their hearts continues agonizing in a deadly sadness?

To live is the art of being happy. And to be happy is to free ourselves, in major or minor degree of anxiety, however, will follow the human steps until the final frontier.

Art of living consist, then, in a progressive overcoming of the human suffering, by this way, is a gradual conquest of the peace of mind, the serenity of the nerves and peace of the soul.

But it is not necessary to think that this happiness can be obtained by art of magic or like a Christmas present. If to obtain a university degree or to mount a prosperous company the human has needed long years of effort, certainty, discipline, methodology and mainly tenacity to all test, that nobody would dreams about bending the hand of anxiety or winning the battle with the suffering and put the mind to rest, with a sporadic and superficial work.

When we decided to get patience, means effort, order and dedication practicing auto control, relaxation and meditation.

We will not achieve anything just by to read this Letter or to shelter within us good intentions; is essential that the wishes are transformed into convictions, and the convictions in decisions. The decisions, as well, must lead us to rearrange a program or activities to give meaning to our lives.

This sense of the life is a value that gives value to the other values such as; the words, attitudes, reactions, covered with the color and brightness of the joy that is the feeling of fullness ,then in the autumn of our years we can return our glances back to exclaim that this adventure was worth for us.

The central objective of a life will not be achieve without the methodical and orderly dedication . In order to be able to drive away the shades and to give rise to the joy is essential to undergo an exercise in self-control and meditation throughout our life.We must no forget that life is a imponderable mystery; it is an exercise executed at different moments produces different results in a same person. Life is essentially illogical, because it is essentially in movement: oscillating movement of ups and downs often without clue of the causes that originate so amazing swing.

We must not forget that life itself is not easy to comprehend and is a imponderable mystery, is an exercise carried out at different times produce different results in the same person. Life is inherently illogical, because it is essentially in movement: oscillating movement of ups and downs, often without sight of the root causes in this disconcerting swinging.

When human beings have reason to jump for joy, are depressed. Suddenly in a blue day, their soul is cloudy and on cloudy days their soul is in light blue. There is no logic. A person burning with desire to conquer that dream , and when achieved the dream remains unfulfilled with a disappointment. Suddenly when business are a success, the mood is on the ground, and when, around everything is a disaster and in ruins we do not know what gift stimulates the inner self with courage to continue fighting.

Patience, is the art of knowing, means to have consciousness that human nature is just like that. We must begin to accept it as it shows , not to be scared when the results are not proportional to the efforts or when the effects have been strangely unpredictable.

Flow of Thought


Victor Manuel Guzmán Villena

The knowledge allows the mind to think and look beyond what we already know. It allows us to see farther, to the perimeters of all that exists and grow in the ability to receive a broader identity to "transform".


Our physical body is surrounded by a field of light called aura or "auric" field. The aura is the spirit of our being. A part of the aura is the powerful positive and negative electromagnetic field. Beyond this field there are no divisions, but a sphere of indivisible light of pure energy.

The light sphere allows to the whole thought of the knowledge to flow across this field. The thoughts that will become known by us are determined by a thought process, since the electromagnetic portion of our aura drags to the thought towards us in accordance with our way of thinking.


The conscience is constituted by all the thoughts that come from all the entities and from all the things. The thoughts that form the conscience have different electrical frequencies. Some of them are thoughts of low or slow frequency, here predominantly related to the social conscience.

Others are thoughts of more high frequency: the unlimited thoughts of the super conscience. The conscience is the sum of all the different values of frequency of the thought.

The social conscience is a thickness of electrical frequencies of thought, and nevertheless it is lighter than the air. The thickness of the social conscience is constituted of expressed thought.


The thoughts of high frequency of superconscience are those of the being and the life: harmony, unit and the continuity. There are the thoughts of love. There are unlimited thoughts that go, really beyond the expression even of the words, since the feelings of the unlimited thought are over the adjectives.

These thoughts can be experienced more easily in the conscience of the nature, far from the stagnant thought of the man; because there the life is simple, it always continues, without the existence of the time and in complete harmony with itself. There far from the judgment of the men, it is possible to hear the beating of our own knowledge.


The electromagnetic portion of our aura attracts the thought up to us in accordance with our way of thinking and our emotional state of being. So that the thought could feed, first it must be reduced up to the light frequency. Once the thought finds the spirit of our being, the aura that surrounds our body explodes with light.

The thought ignites, thus the light has attracted towards itself what resembles it. The thought that is invisible becomes visible thought this explosion of light.

The thought in the shape of light, enters our brain and is transmuted into a propulsion of electrical light of a given frequency, in accordance with the value of the thought that is being received.


The skill that possesses our brain to receive different thought frequencies is controlled by the pituitary gland, which stays between the hemispheres of our brain.

The pituitary one is responsible for activating the different parts of our brain to receive and to store the different frequencies of the thought. It is the door that opens our aptitude to meditate and to reason with the thought, doing it trough our body and to express it with experience for a major understanding.

Our brain is governed and controlled by the functions of the gland pituitary or called the "third eye", across which a complex hormones system flows. It is a gland of internal secretion, it segregates a hormone that flows for the brain up to the mouth of the pineal one, which is another endocrine gland responsible of amplifying the frequencies of the thought so that these could be sent across the body.

This flow of hormones between the pituitary and the pineal is what activates all the sections of our brain to receive and accommodate the different frequencies of thought.

The body functions are kept in harmony through the flow of hormones that result from these glands and it gets in the blood. The pineal gland is responsible of maintaining this harmony. It flow activates other glands to segregate its hormones and to create the hormonal balance.


When thought goes trough our aura, this one does not define it, or does not judge or alters such thought; accepts it unlimited. When the propellants of the thought come to the brain, they traveling first to the superior left hemisphere, there reside the functions of the intellect or reasoning and the false ego expresses itself.

Every frequency of the thought that the false ego allows to enter in the brain, is transformed into electric current and sent that portion to the brain. This portion of the brain then amplifies the current and sends it to the pineal system.

The pineal system governs our central nervous system. It receives every frequency of the thought and amplifies and impels it through the central nervous system, which runs along the spine as if it was a freeway of electrical thought. The electric current that comes from the pineal system flows across the liquid of the central nervous system going down for the column, and then for every nerve up to each cells of the body.

The Divine Comedy



Science, art, skill, myth, magic, anyway, all the figures of the human action; there are fragments curdled with the overflowing force of imagination that humanizes the real thing and humanizes the human being. For the historian or theorist, direct or indirectly , the literary information like intensification of the experience, it constitutes an important reservation of reflection, suggestion and implications.
Justify Full
The human being is capable of being located in the world in the moment that symbolizes, this symbolization capacity happens because they imagines and generates an attitude ethics- esthetics before the world.

I have wanted across this writing to use the literature as a tool to explain an imaginary space of the middle age that has been a masterpiece. Therefore I do not pretend to make a critical analysis of the literary work but an exercise of imagination in space through his poetic narrative; the images that shape it serve as guide to enter the multidiversity of spaces that presents to us the world of Dante Alighieri, who was a staurofílax.

The Canto IX of the Hell,verses 61 to 63:

You that have the healthy intelligence
observe the doctrine that hides
under the veil of these enigmatic verses

These verses are in the Ninth Singing, an important number for Dante, then, as he affirms in all his works, Beatriz is nine, and nine, in the medieval numerical symbolism, it is Wisdom, the Supreme Knowledge; the Science that explains the world to the margin of the faith.

Also, this mysterious affirmation finds between the verses 61 and 63 of the Canto, the sum of whose digits is seven and nine. The hell has 9 circles,where the souls of the condemned according to their sins, the purgatory seven cornices and the paradise, again nine circles.

The Divine Comedy is a poem where the real life is mixed with the supernatural one and shows the fight between the anything and immortality; a fights where three kingdoms overlap, three worlds, achieving a sum of multiple visual that are never contradicted or annulled. Three worlds hell, purgatory and paradise reflect three ways of life of the humanity, in them there are reflected the vice, the passage of the vice and the virtue, the condition of the perfect men.

Dante enters in the Fidei d’ Amore in 1283, at the age of 18, shortly after his theoretical meeting with Beatrice. The first one happened in Vita Nuova, when they had both nine years. The Fidei d’ Amore was constituting an secret society interested in the spiritual renewal of the Christendom. Here we are speaking of an epoch in which the corruption already does notch in the church of Rome: wealths, power, ambition. It was the epoch of the papacy of Bonifacio VIII of terrible memory. The Fidei d’ Amore was trying to fight this depravity and return the Christianity to its first purity.

It is said, even, that the Fidei d’ Amore, the Holy FEDE and the Franciscans were three branches different from the same Tertiary Order of the Templars. Dante was formed in the Franciscans and always maintained a close relationship with them.

There was integrating the Fidei d’ Amore the poets Guido Cavalcanti, Cino da Pistoia, Lapo Gianni, Forese Donati, Dante himself, Vitorio Manuele Guimani, Dino Frascobaldi, Guido Orlando and others. Guido Cavalcanti, who always had reputation of extravagant and heretical was the Florentine chief of the Fidei d’ Amore and it was the one that admitted Dante into this secret society. Like educated men, as intellectuals of a new medieval society in development, they were unconformist and they denouncing loudly the ecclesiastic immorality and the attempts of Rome for there prevented the nascent freedoms and the scientific knowledge.

First of all we are going to give some guidance on his work. It is composed of three parts: the hell, the purgatory and the paradise. Each of them was published separately, although being part of the whole.

The Divine Comedy should be read in code and has exactly 33 Cantos (signings). Each of these Cantos has exactly 115 or 160 poems, the sum of whose digits is 7.

The 3 parts, hell, purgatory and paradise end up exactly with the same word "star" in the astrological symbolism is number 5 and allegorically pt represents the human being. And this is only a small part of the mysteries that the work contains.

It is then across the vicious ones, penitents and good that the life is revealed in all theirs forms, miseries and deeds, but also there appears the life that is not, the death, that it has its own life, like as a mixture raised by Dante who becomes an architect of the universal and sublime.

The subject of the comedy is the man of all races, creeds, ages; the man who is between the sky and the ground, which essentially is the state of the souls after the death and the form in which they express themselves for their merits or demerits, they become therefore deserving of the punishments or of the divine rewards. Dante uses both of Biblical personages and of beings extracted from the pagan mythology for the creation of his personages, mixing them in the passages indistinctly.


According to his comments he traveled to the hell at the age of 35. The poem begins on the night before Good Friday in the year 1300, "halfway along our life's path" (Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita). The hell that is presents to us has the form of funnel or of inverted cone, which is divided in decreasing circles. The circles are nine, ruinous and atrocious topography; the five first ones form the High Hell, four remaining ones the Low Hell, which is a city with red mosques surrounded by iron walls.

For Aliguieri the hell is descending from the borealis or northern surface narrowing gradually up to the Earth; this connotation that the author does on the Lucifer space comes off the Earth center to the ground inwards, taking into consideration that the penumbras represent the evil, below that then it was not turning in above, it is taken as not wished; below the man the unique thing that exists is undesirable.

Now then, the handling that the author does of this space is more descriptive than in the purgatory and the paradise. It is based on the planning of the medieval city and on the behavior of the human beings of this epoch; the imaginary space of the hell is more tied to the reality, that why he uses some medieval references in the description of some circles, which are typical architectural spaces, like the door of the hell or the city of Dite. This helps us to understand that Dante had discovered the hell in the space that he was inhabiting every day.

The second circle is inhabited by the lustful ones and the persons who sin for love, using it for proper good. Minos judges the souls and immerses them in a big maelstrom that overwhelms them in the absolute solitude.

In the third circle there are the gluttons put in the mud, the haughty ones and the envious ones; flogged on the ground for a strong rain: The Thunderstorm: and skinned by a brain of three heads “The Cerberus”. Dante meets Ciacco and they speak about the discords of Florence.

The fourth circle is the circle of bountiful and greedy, hitting and mocking some with others, they are dragged by enormous weight; here the clergymen, popes and cardinals are covered by a spring of dark waters that generate a marsh.

The fifth one and the sixth circle are shaped by the walled city of Dis surrounded for a lagoon that locks up great fetidity; its entry highlighted by a big door, part of the wall of iron; here the proud ones are, the heretics, free thinkers and the materialists.

The seventh circle watched by Minotaur. It is divided by three circles full of stones and surrounded by a big blood river. From this space every circle begins having divisions that lodge a sorrow in particular, for example the damned spirits that are divided in three: the violent, the abusive and the usurers.

The eighth circle concentrates the fraudulent ones. It comprises ten pits. The first one of the hooligans and the seducers; the second one of the flatterers and courtiers; the third one the simoniacs; the fourth pit the fortune tellers, here Virgilio explains to Dante the origin of “Mantua“; fifth pit those that they deal with the justice; sixth pit the hypocrites; the seventh one the thieves; eighth pit the advisers made flames. Here they explain Ulysses's tragic end; ninth pit the scandalous, schismatic and heretics; the tenth pit the tricksters and forgers.

Ninth Circle is destined for the traitors. It comprises four enclosures. Before arrive to it, there is a well surrounded with giants. Anteo takes the poets to the fund of the ninth circle. In the ninth circle and last, there are the giants, brutal and inert masses that are buried in the ground, confused with towers. Inside it there is a well of four different areas oppressed by thick ices, in it there is the builder of the Tower of Babel who prevented to the world from speaking the same language. In the center of the ground, between ices that wrap the grounds, is Lucifer with half a body out of the glacial surface, chewing Judas like
a plastic toy.

The first enclosure, the Caína, for the traitors to theirs relatives; the second enclosure, the Antenora, traitors to theirs homeland; third enclosure, the Plotomea, the traitors to theirs friends and guests; the fourth enclosure, the Judesca, the traitors to theirs benefactors.

It is interesting that inside the western culture we have always had a conception of the hell full of flames, on the other hand for Dante, ice, caves and the darkness is the Lucifer house.


Nine are the circles of the hell, nine are the patios of the purgatory and nine the stars that shape the paradise; adding up three times three gives nine, which ratifies the importance of the number three in the catholic religion, like the divine Trinity, the three blessing, etc.

In other initiation schools the perfection is 3: it is the unit between the knowledge, force and beauty.

After Dante and Virgilio descend for nine circles of the hell and being in the Lucifer home, they climb for a formed mountain of nine patios that are restricted up to the summit.

In this space, Dante begins already taking material references of the earth and goes back more towards the sense of the nature,is because of it for him, the mountain is the beginning of a big passage towards the sky, where the sorrow can be purged.

The mountain is an island and it has a door; in his hillsides there are staggered patios that mean the mortal sins; the garden of the Eden blooms in the summit, the spaces divided into their interior are:

The first Platform: Dante supported by Virgilio arrives to a platform where the negligent persons are.
Door of the Purgatory: Dante's vision during his sleep; to his awakening he is in the third landing of the mountain, where there is the door of the Purgatory, watched by an angel.

The first circle where the sin of the pride is purged and the proud ones are punished.

The second circle where the envy is purged.

Third circle where the anger is purged. Dante sees in delight some examples of docility. The poets are surrounded with a thick smoke.

The fourth circle where the sin of the indolence is purged. Dante sees in his imagination examples of punished anger.

Fifth circle where the sin of the avarice is purged. Dante's vision punishing the greedy ones.

Sixth circle where the sin of the gluttony is purged and some examples of restraint appear. Stacio explains his permanence between the misers and the lazy ones.
(The seventh circle). Eighth circle a voice gone out of a tree remembers examples of gluttony. An angel guides the poets, Dante and Virgilio to the Ninth Circle.


In this space Dante says goodbye of Virgilio (The knowledge and the Poetry) and meets Beatrice (The Theology) who accompanies him in his trip. Place characterized by celestial spheres moved by angelical choirs that take place of four basic elements: air, fire, water and earth.

The paradise is conformed by nine skies and the god's city; each of them is a sphere that surrounds the earth. The seven first ones were the well-known planets, the eighth one the solar constellations and fixed stars and the ninth one was determined by a crystalline sky that remains immobile, where the paradise is.

The first seven skies or spheres symbolize 7 theologian virtues that are a part of the exploration of the paradise through moral and spiritual considerations.

The first sky: That of the moon (fortitude). Beatrice explains the cause of the spots in the moon.

The second sky: That of Mercury (justice). Beatriz explains the way of satisfying the votes that have been broken.

Third sky: Sphere of Venus (restraint) where the souls of the lovers are. It is show here how a vicious son can be born of a virtuous father.

The fourth sky: That of the sun (prudence). Saint Tomás de Aquino exposes the order with which god created the universe.

Fifth sky: That of Mars (faith), where there are the souls of those who have fought for the faith.

Sixth sky: That of Jupiter (hope), where there are those who have administered properly the justice. Cacciaguida names to many of the spirits that compose the cross.

The seventh sky: That of Saturn (charity) where forming an ascending scale, there are those who devoted themselves to the contemplative life. Satire against the luxury of the clergy in the medieval epoch.

Eighth sky: Descent of Jesus Christ and Virgin Mary to the eighth sky. Coronation of Virgin Mary for the Archangel Gabriel. This sky is shaped by the constellations, handles a clearly mystical and doctrinal scene, where there meet the splendors of the sky and of the earth.

And the last sky: Called the first mobile. Apostrophe of San Pedro against the ecclesiastic villains. Guarded by nine angels that rotate around a distant luminous point there is the Dante's paradise that symbolizes the god's city: the triumphant church.

The city of god: The Divine. Triumph of the angels and of the blessed.

Beatrice does that Dante fixes his attention in the god's city.

Places of fire


Victor Manuel Guzmán Villena

It says that the first form taken by Satan in their terrestrial incarnations was a snake, but in truth in the Old Testament, as the serpent used to tempt the biblical couple is not read was the devil. Rather, the serpent in the Egyptian mysteries, Hindu and Greek plays a very important part the standpoint of philosophical and esoteric of "universal life" as a symbol of wisdom, strength that sets in motion love and desire, and that allegory is precisely embodied in the so-called original sin.

In Revelation XII to the serpent of Genesis is called the devil and Satan. In contrast, in the Egyptian religion, the devil is represented by "Seth" fallen god who killed his brother Osiris. The snake has been for centuries a entity full of mystery and magic. His journey hypnotizes, its terrifying attack and their venom kills.

Also deceives and makes you a sinner like Adam, prolific father in the Hebrew mythology, he is identifies as directly responsible for the paternity of the 5.000 million humans on this planet, this figure is estimated.

It is feared and adored in the myths of many peoples for its venom, but also is considered a symbol of life, as every year molt. Much of the ancient cultures considered it divine, therefore, offered it worship.

To the Chaldeans, the strongest devil was "Marduk" which overthrows the gods Tiamat and Aspu. Among the Canaanites called "Moloch." The Hindustanis is define like "Mara" the testator of Buddha. The original Lucifer, which means Beautiful Light, bearer of light that becomes the devil from the Greek "Diaballein" meaning cast, expelled Satan from the Hebrew Hassatan "which means adversary, enemy. Beelzebub means "Rival of god." Asmodeus, the former Haschmodai is the "Angel of evil" and curiously demon from Greek "Daemon" means wise man.

Instead Lucifer means "Light Bearer", which took the God's fire. So the concept of satanic is associated with the idea of evil. In the Latin name Lucifer (lux, light and ferre, bring) hides the Judeo-Christian expression of rebellion against the universal principle of unity.

In all religions the presence, existence or belief in the devil is a denial from the New Testament only acquires personality and name. With regard to Christianity and especially Catholicism, during the first thirteen centuries after Christ there is no obligation to belief in hell. It is in the Lateran Council in 1215 when establishing the dogma as an article of faith, belief and existence of hell with its representative,the devil, and punishable by excommunication, torture and even death to those who doubt or deny its existence.

The Catholic Church translated in 364 the Council of Laodicea in the official New Testament, it said in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and John, verses in which Jesus is speaking in a more or less clear, something that did not say explicitly or implicitly associated with hell in the form that has taught the Church of Peter.

Ghenna or Hell are two words that should be analyzed to find the origins and cause of that belief. The first word is Hebrew and whose sound resembles the voice Hinman or Jinmon name of a valley near Jerusalem in the bottom of which runs Zion. In it, they said, held the worshipers of Moloch (name of one of the gods of an enemy nation) rites.

Blame for the materialization of the devil and to the humanization occurs with Dante Aligheri, an initiate, to the point that some people accepted as incontrovertible truth descriptive literature of the horrific circles of hell described by him, and becomes reality and dogmatic force when the devil is imposed by the church.


In the book possession and exorcism in Spain, authored by Professor D'Arbo, explains the kingdom of evil, where he said there is a paramount chief and undisputed king of the devil known as Satan. Along with Satan is a series of assistants and servants who are forming their evil royal court, court according to occult tradition is divided into the following characters:

King: Satan
Princes: 72
Legions of devils under: 1111
Each legion of hell consists in 6666 devils.

There are also various genres such as Igneos found in the highest region of the air and never have any contact with the land.

The second group is the Aeros who are teeming in our atmosphere. They are causing storms, thunderstorms, and sometimes manifested in the earth, albeit vague and indefinite.

The third would make the devils land, who are living among us, crawling on the earth, corrupting and destroying everything.

In the fourth group into play the devils water, those found in the seas, lakes, rivers, storm water promoted as tsunamis, floods and shipwrecks. He explains that when this kind of devils externalized theirs forms are females, like Nymphs and Nereids.

The fifth group consists of the underground hell. They live in cavities of the earth and cause volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, earthquakes and ground cracks and abysmal.

The sixth group consists of the devils Lucifuge prevailing in the darkness and depth of the mysteries of the night.

In the art of numbers pointed the Kabbalah and the number 11 like the secret expression of divine figure: 66. It is also half of 22 which corresponds to the 22 letters of the magic Hebrew alphabet.

The measurement and division of time


Victor Manuel Guzmán Villena

The calendar is a system for calculating and recording the time: days, months and seasons. The rotation of the earth on its axis with reference to the sun, stands for one day. The revolution of the moon around the earth, one month, and the earth's revolution around the sun in one year. Different cultures have developed their own calendar through history.

The Moslem calendar is one of the most primitive. Strictly is a lunar calendar. The year consists of twelve lunar months, which retrograde through the seasons in about 32.5 years.

The Egyptian calendar divided the year into 12 months of 30 days each, with 5 additional days that followed every 12 months. As you know the annual loss of a quarter day, go backwards through the seasons in 1460 years, 1461 years hence Egyptians 1360 years are equal to Julian. Egyptian year was called lazy because they started at different times in different seasons.

The Hindu calendar is a lunisolar calendars early in the year is divided into 12 months, with an intercalary month of the same name, inserted after every month in which there are two moons, which occurs approximately every three years . The year begins around April 11.

In the Chinese calendar the year begins with the first new moon after the sun enters Aquarius. It consists of 1 month, a month is intercalated every 30 months. Each month is divided into thirds. Dating from the year 2697 a.de C. So the Chinese equivalent Gregorian year 4702 is 2005 AD.

The Jewish calendar is also lunisolar calendar governing since 3761 BC, the traditional year of creation. The church year begins with the first new moon after the spring equinox, but the civil year begins with the new moon following the autumnal equinox. The years are flawed, every 353 days, 354 days regular, or perfect for 355 days, with an intercalary month in years 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17 and 19 Metonic cycle of 19 years. Each month begins with the new moon, allowing some flexibility to make certain festivities on appropriate days of the year.

The Roman calendar was originally assumed that consisted of 10 months, with a total of 304 days, beginning in March and ending in December. Numa added January and February, bringing to 355 days, and ordered an intercalary month every second year. The Romans counted backwards from three fixed points of the month: the Kalends, the 1st, the Ides, March 15, May, July and October, and 13 other months, and the nights were the Nones of March while March 30 was the third day before the Kalends of April.

The abuse of power by the pontiffs and the many wars of conquest before the Christian era so broke the Roman calendar after the conquest of Egypt, Julius Caesar led Rome to a Greek named Sosigines astrologer, who with the Marcus Fabius help conducted the first major reform of the calendar: The Julian calendar, which gave its name and entered into force in the Western world in the year 45 BC and continued in use until 1582.

These reforms consisted of: The equinox was returned to March, by inserting two months between November and December of the year 46 BC Christ, creating what later became known as the last year of confusion. It abolished the lunar year and the intercalary month. The duration of the solar year was fixed at 365.25 days. As compensation for the accumulation of these fractions in one day every four years, the extra day was inserted at the end of February, then the last month of the year, making the "leap year" of 366 days.

The fifth month, Quintilis, was named in his honor July. Evenly distributed on the months, 30 days to even months and 31 days for odd, except February which had 30 days in leap year. He ordered it to enter into force on 1 January of the year 45 BC of Christ. However, despite the fact that the Julian calendar came into effect on 1 January, followed the calendar year starting March 25. Augusto slightly disarranged the system and changed the name of Sextilis by Augustus, but refusing to be honored with a month shorter, as July, ordered that he raise it to 31 days, reducing to February to 28 days, except leap years. Hence, to him we should irregular arrangement of the months of 30 and 31 days. However, provided an important service to discontinue leap years about 11 years to correct an error of 3 days that had accumulated gradually because the popes had been inserting a day every 3 years instead of every 4 for 36 years without the error from 1 to 3 days in the chronology of the period never been corrected.

Later Roger Bacon wrote a thesis on calendar reform and referred to the Pope, and in 1474 Pope Sixtus IV summoned Regiomontanus to Rome to lead a reconstruction of the calendar, but died before completing his task. Pope Gregory XII convened a group of learned to discuss and build an accurate calendar. That was how after five years of study went into effect the Gregorian calendar, which instituted the following reforms: 10 days were excluded, provided, that on October 5 will be counted as 15 October; Fixed the duration of the solar year, setting it to 365, 5 hours, 49 minutes, 12 seconds, was made to start the year on January 1, years became the leap secular, only if it is divisible by 400, thus earned a fraction of one day every 100 years than 15 centuries had risen to 10 days. The new calendar was adopted immediately in all Roman Catholic countries, but the rest of the world delayed its acceptance.

History of the months The names of the months are of great antiquity, although in many respects lost its original significance, continue to survive as part of our common language. Originally tended to represent the twelve arches of the annual revolution of the earth in its orbit around the sun, and thus were comparable to those arches are now known as astrological or astronomical signs of the zodiac.

The original meaning of the months is as follows:

January: Month of 31 days, the first in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is named for Janus, who ruled ancient Roman deity doors and gates, and therefore all beginnings. He is depicted with two faces, turning in opposite directions, to indicate that every end is also a beginning. Janus is identified as Jupiter, and indicate that they look both ways to better protect the house that is kept.

February: Month of 28 days, except when added to another inserted in leap years, the second month of the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Not included in the calendar Romuliana, and it is said that Numa him into the Roman calendar in 713 BC C.. The name derives from februaro, purify, what Febra born, the festival of atonement, celebrating the end of the month during which the women were "purified" by priests.

March: Month of 31 days, the third of the Julian and Gregorian calendars first Roman. It is called the honor of Mars, God of War, the famous father of Romulus, who traditionally attributed the compilation of the first calendar. But the month Ovid says that existed before the time of Romulus.

April: 30 days, the fourth month of the Julian and Gregorian calendar, second Roman. Usually relates etymologically with aperire (Latin open), as the season when the flowers open their petals. However, the months were named according to the Roman gods and as April was sacred to Venus and Festum Veneris et Fortunae Virilis was concluded on day 1, it is possible that the month was originally Aphrilis, by Aphrodite, the Greek name of Venus.

May: Month 31 days, the fifth of the Julian and Gregorian third of the Roman. It is said that it is called in honor of the goddess Maya, daughter of Atlas and mother of Mercury and Jupiter. Nevertheless, for other historians presumably named it in honor of the senators. The month was considered unlucky for marriage due to the celebration of the Lemurs, the feast of the dead unhappy, which took place on 9, 11 and 13. This is reflected in the draft unidentified origin "Marry in May and you'll regret it."

June: Month 30 days, the sixth of the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the fourth in the Roman calendar. Oviedo makes the month was named after Juno, but elsewhere the author contradicts this source. June should probably named after the junior assembly (MPs) from the government, the assembly and May senior (senators). Before the reform of the Julian calendar was 29 days.

July: Month of 31 days, the seventh of the Julian calendar and Gregorian and fifth Roman. Originally called Quintillius. Marco Antonio was renamed in honor of Julius Caesar, who was born in that month.

August: Month of 31 days, the eighth in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the sixth of the Roman calendar. Originally known as Sextilis, by order of Augustus Caesar changed the name, who in rejecting that he was honored with a month smaller than that devoted to Julius Caesar, called July, ordered him to be increased to 31 days, taking the extra day of February . In Gaul and remote part of the empire was known as Aust, which means harvest.

September: Month of 30 days, the ninth in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and seventh Roman. The Ludi Magni, in honor of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva, the Romans celebrated September the 4th. In the calendar of Charlemagne was called "month of the harvest", corresponding in part to Fructidor Vendemiaire and partly to the First French Republic.

October: Month of 31 days, the tenth in Julian and the Gregorian and eighth in the Roman calendar. The Equirria when Equuus October was sacrificed to Mars in the Campus Martius, was celebrated on Oct. 15. Successive attempts were made to be called Germanium, Antoninus, Tacitus, Hercules, but all failed, as did the Roman Senate was proposed Faustinus name it in honor of Faustina, wife of Antoninus.

November: Month 30 days, the eleventh in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the ninth of the Roman calendar. The Roman winter started on November 11 and was celebrated on 13 with a sacred banquet in honor of Jupiter, Jovis Epulum. The purpose of the Senate was called Tiberius was vetoed by the Emperor, asking that they would propose to the arrival of Caesar thirteenth. The All Saints Day is 1, the All Souls 2.

December: (Latin: Decem, ten). 31-day month, twelfth in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the tenth of the Roman calendar. The Saturn Saturnalia or holidays celebrated this month. During the reign of Commodus Amazonius was temporarily named in honor of his lover whose portrait was painted as Amazons. Holy month, by the fact that Christmas is celebrated in this month.

Disciplining the Time

Disciplining the Time

Víctor Manuel Guzmán Villena

The first of January is the beginning of the year for many peoples, religions, cultures and ethnic groups. It is a date of big celebrations and of new hopes. According to our calendar, Julian, and citing as an example a year 2008, points out the calendar of the Coptic ones that we are in the year 1723.

According to the Muslims it is the year 1427 (in memory of the flight of Mahoma of the Mecca to Medina). According to the Jews we are in the year 5768. It is necessary to add that the anecdotal fact of which, because of the French revolution, there began a new calendar that was starting on September 22, 1792 (year I) but that only lasted three years, being absorbed by the Gregorian one, whose reform entered in effect from 1582, which the Julian calendar corrects, and to establish the balance eliminates on October ten days: from 5 to 14!, but this reform did not come everywhere immediately into force. Consulting the perpetual calendar, the only copy is in Quito, Ecuador, in a historian's private library, there is the reform that was promulgated in 1582 and they were abolished in ten days.
In Germany a movement took place and the catholic regions adopt the reform in 1584, as in Bohemia, but in the Protestant regions the reform is adopted in 1775, almost two hundred years later, not to speak about Bulgaria, this is a fact that is convenient to retain that only adopted it in 1917.

In England the Gregorian reform is applied in 1752, for hate towards the papists, the Anglican ones also resisted two centuries.

In Latin America towns the Julian calendar was adopted after the Spanish conquest and imposed by force. The Mayan, Aztecs and Incas who were using different time measurements and who were done in accordance with their cultures and needs, were erased of the map of the science despite having big astrologers and astronomers.

The Mayan calendar not only has marked the time but it has indicated with big accuracy the solar and lunar eclipses and has a lack of coordination of only 2 seconds in 2 thousand years of its existence.

Hence would derive, in poetical terms walking for house nothing it exists so relatively as the time. Unable to fix its beginning, the same way of fixing cycles – its duration - and let's not say its end.

In the beginning it was not the clock, it was the Verb

The duration of the time depends on if we have a good time or suffer, on if the things move or they are calm, on themselves, if with the age, we project ourselves towards the future or turn the look backwards.

As for the end of the times we do not know with accuracy of which it consists, if must be understood by it that what we call time will stop existing or if there will supervene a type of time radically different from the one that till now has been showed to us.

How much time do we waste?

Exists the time sidereal: the one that measures itself for the apparent movement of the stars and more especially of the first Aries point. Exists the Paschal time. The Dictionary of the real Spanish Academy of the Language says to us that we can have good time, give time to the time, train it, cheat it, lose it, lift it and even make ourselves comfortable to it.

I am impressed exceedingly by the “dead time” of the waiting rooms in the public offices, in the medical offices and that of the sleep, where the secret of our survival is. A 50-year-old man has slept nearly 20 years. Some explanation fits: How much time do we waste watching TV , in front to the screen of the computer? …

The optimists usually say: "Every day is the best of the year” and “a quarter of an hour is more valuable than thousand golden ounces”. The pessimists answer that “there is no expense costlier than the time” and that “the year has 365 anxiety”.

Between some and others the eclectic ones for which everything depends on the concept of the eternity, assumption that the eternity can be a concept. The musicians know the discipline of the time as nobody, and in this line I would remain with Mozart.

There are painters of whom I would say that they do against themselves and against the clock: I am thinking about Van Gogh, Dalí or Picasso. The current architects, without time to conceive a cathedral, and that they do not aspire that his designs last, and up to the futurologists in his majority they stop every year perplexed on having thought about the advances of the XXIst century.

If it is true that we come from the water, since we are aquatic beings and today we are in the age of aquarium, era of transparence, crystalline and of peace, after leaving the terrifying age of piscis, era of change to base difficulties: The Inquisition, the Middle Ages, two world wars.

Really have been million years to get to our condition. Now it is anticipated that soon wings will sprout on us and that for a still unknown chink we will glimpse the universe.

“I have no time” acceptable phrase in mouth of Miguel Ángel but not in Leonardo da Vinci that was taking a lot of time to realize his masterpieces. Terrible in mouth of the executives, politicians, bankers, business men, since the ambition does that the time swallows them and that when they realize already they will not have time to enjoy it.

Therefore we owe time to the time and we all will go out winning. Well, if we do what we should do, but let's remember that suitable armchairs exist to ponder on the time. If we have the feeling of waste our time, the anxiety will supervene and they will place a pacemaker in us: apocalyptic vision? Sensible measurement – and if not to the time, I was thinking a night of timeless moon.

Destiny, Luck and Fortune



We have said that the luck consists of the fact that happens something favorable or adverse beyond of an effective prevention. There exists a significant difference between the luck and the fortune. An individual is furtunate whenever something good happens following the normal course of the things. Nevertheless, is lucky when the benefit comes.

In spite of being doubtful and especially if it happens in spite of being slightly probable and against any reasonable expectation. A person who inherits a big quantity of money, is going to be able to travel in first class is fortunate, but, in strict sense, it is not possible to say that this person is lucky.

On the contrary, the passenger of a plane to which the crew changes his tourist's seat to the first class, is possible to affirm that he has been lucky. Usually, the destiny and the fortune have to do with the conditions and specific circumstances of our lives, while the luck is in the ambience of the good or bad things that happen to us for coincidence.

Our capacity and innate talents are at the side of the good fortune; the opportunities that the coincidence puts in our way to develop them at the side of the luck. To have a cold is a misfortune, it happens often to many people, if that happens to someone the day when is going to a premiere is to have no luck.

You have to inherit an immense fortune thanks to a favorable destiny, but it is possible to be said that you are a person with luck if you inherit it just on time to save you from the bankruptcy.

The luck and the coincidence constitute two faces of the same coin. But the destiny is something different, something that is not chance. Let's suppose that it is discovered that an enormous meteorite, which has not been detected, is on the point of clashing with the earth. The destiny of the humanity is marked. During a certain number of days, the earth will be covered by a cloud of dust that will make the continuation of the life impossible for the mammals. What a catastrophe!
In these circumstances we will be able to say that the extinction of the human species, definitely speaking, is a misfortune, but we might not say that we have had no luck. It is the element of the surprise, of the coincidence and of the unpredictable thing, what allows us to distinguish the luck of the destination, or of the fortune in general.

The dangerous of the luck means that in interactions where one part runs with all the risks, and the only one can be lucky. The sponsors of the lottery are destined to win, but only the players can be lucky.

The same can be applied to the casinos where the things are organized in such a way that the house “always wins”. Of the same way, we can be lucky, in certain circumstances, for example being red-haired (in case this peculiarity makes us eligible for securing a certain benefit), nevertheless, we cannot say someone should be lucky only for the fact of be. Nevertheless, the red-haired individuals are lucky if the sponsor decides that they should be the beneficiaries of his generosity.

The luck is unforeseeable. And this is reflected in the inconsistency and in to the variable of the luck. A Scotch proverb of 1721 says: "Behind the bad luck the good one comes." (The opposite is also true). There is another old maxim that he says: "The only sure thing of the luck is that it changes.”

Only if we believe that we get a life in luck, as if it was a question of a share-out at random, we can interpret the global destination of a person in luck terms. In this case the entire sum of everything good and the bad thing that happens to an individual remains limited, in a global and automatic way, to a matter of eventful assign. Obviously it seems slightly realistic.

And so, it is considered that a person is lucky for being gifted in the field of the mathematics, but we cannot say that this person should be lucky with regard to the mathematics because the coincidence is not implied. His gift and his capacity are integral parts of the mentioned person; it is not anything that the hazard provides him and that be added to his current identity.

A person is lucky if he finds in his life a person who stimulates him or helps him to develop his own capacities. But the fact of having the mentioned capacity has to be with the fortune and not with the luck.

It has no sense to establish comparisons between the personal destination and the gambling games, because in case of the games there always exists a player who has been in a competition earlier, while in case of the people a precedent never exists, an individual deprived of identity that obtains everything for having a special quality.

The distinction that occupies us is not pure and completely one to have to realize of the different uses of the terms “luck“ and “fortune“.

It is necessary, to do some clarifications of linguistic character. When we ask a girl who says to us that she has just being engaged: "Who is the lucky one?", it would be necessary to use the word fortune and to ask: Who is the furtunate one?, whenever we want to avoid any other type of suggestion that would make us think that she has extracted the name of a hat.

It would be necessary to speak so about fortune and not about luck. The distinction between both, bearing in mind that the second one bears an eventful element which the first one lacks, sometimes is not present in the common use where any occasional infraction is detected.

The Luck and the Extraordinary


If one day we ate apples and they feed us, on the following day it would kill us; if our neighbor was an agreeable man and at the same time a maniac killer; the human life and the society would not resist it; in fact it might not have developed. But the regularity and the normality of the established order it is not all in the human kingdom.

The luck and the coincidence pops in often and mix up the mentioned regularity, provoking "without knowing how or why" events that affect in considerable form our well-being and our adversity. And it is just here where the luck enters in scene. Both the luck and the fortune are evidently vain. As says Horacio: "The happy fortune, is cruel action, and been obstinate on having played its perverse game, always changing its inconstant honors, favoring me now or some one else."

The luck is the antithesis of a reasonable expectation. It is evident in contra-indicated situations, events that are surprising because they are opposed to all kinds of predictable situations. Some of the fundamental examples of events that we should surprise are those that are out of our control and those which contingency is inherently eventful.
The luck grows between the probability and the reality, between what it is possible to wait reasonably (what for logic should happen) and what really happens. When both coincide, the luck disappears, the individual who obtains a foreseeable profit is fortunate, but it is not lucky. But when the good thing or the bad thing enters action in circumstances in which the reality disagrees with a reasonable expectation, of that time, the luck, already be good or bad, it is in scene.
Nevertheless, a happy or unhappy event can be a luck matter from the point of view of the recipient, even if it is a result of a strategy debated by others. (A beneficent secret that sends to us a check with an important quantity represents a blow of good luck, although it is something that he has planned for years). in such a way if someone different to the affected person is capable of predicting an unexpected event, it enters in the field of the luck for those that are implied.

There are, in general, three ways to reach the good things in life as health, wealth and the success, and similar others: theoretically they can be achieved by means of the effort and the hard work (to the old style), or thanks to the fortune (for birth and heredity), or simply being lucky winning the "lottery of the life". Usually, for most of us and during most of the time, the good things are a fruit of the effort, the planning, the work and the determination.
The luck represents a way of obtaining them more easily, as if it was a question of a "gift of the gods". (And, of course, it works in two senses: what the good luck gives, the bad luck takes it). The luck comes to be a short cut that allows us to reach the good things of the life.

With good luck we obtain something for nothing, an unexpected and undeserved birth. Normally the good things that happen to us are a fruit of our skill, an our effort, while everything bad that happens to us is imputed, consequently, to our defects. But the luck provides an alternative route to us. For those that have the favors of the luck, "a blow of good luck is so good as a knowledge sack" ( says the saying). When someone admits that has good luck, the natural reaction not only is of surprise, but also of pleasing. To have a favor that to take to us as a game of circumstances when we have not asked for, is something that someone has the obligation to find agreeably.


Since the luck implies that the things happen for good or for bad of unforeseeable form, it is deduced that it is necessary to think that the people are lucky whenever someone reaches the success beyond the reasonable level of sense of expectancy that their inherited qualities and acquired conditions would indicate. And on the contrary, those that fail beyond the reasonable level of sense of expectancy that their defects indicate, shortcomings and personal deficits, would be necessary to think that simply they have no luck. Therefore, whenever the things pass for normal and natural couses as someone hopes that should pass, the luck is not in scene.

The luck implies an alienation of the expected, and its place in the stage of the human matters insures itself for the fact that the conditions of the life are irregular, be of social, political or astrological character; the things do not always pass for normal and regular channels. Every one can have a bad day, even big champions like Tiger Woods or Michael Schumacher.


Does not matter what the good luck give to us, it is always a gift; whenever the luck is implied, it is not required to put ourselves to test our talent not even to realize any effort, and no merit it is in game. On the contrary, whatever the bad luck takes from us, it leaves our intact merits; our worth does not suffer any decrease when the luck is in game, demands neither a decrease of our talents nor a defeat of our effort.

The luck fond of our personal condition, but it does not reflect our personal worth. Alfaro, Allende, Guevara, Lincoln were murdered. Harry Truman, Ronald Reagan the Pope Juan Pablo II survived the attempts of murders. (In case of Truman he went out completely unharmed and it is possible to be said that he was lucky). In this context, no particular merit is added aside either of the dichotomy, or any special defect to other. When we say that it is as well as the luck works, we have said everything.

The coincidence is evident of more notable form when the improbable circumstances happen in fact. We are lucky especially when the things are favorable to us in spite of our inaction, or even more, in spite of the bad advices and the wrong actions. And hence, we have especially bad luck when the things gobad for us in spite of having done everything precise so that they were going out well.

The patient who recovers suddenly in spite of having taken the medicines that were not the right ones, is lucky; the one that deteriorates in spite of being take the precise medication and continue the suitable treatment, has no luck. In such cases, the logic of the common sense of the concrete situation indicates in a direction, while the dictations of the destination indicate in the opposite direction. The functioning of the luck is evident clearly in the favorable and adverse events that do not have to happen "for logic".

Between thousand shares in the stock-exchange some are destined to rise while others not, independently to that the moment is propitious or not. Numerous people have shares. Therefore, always will be losers and winners. And, given the eventful of the matter, the difference between them will generally depend only and exclusively of luck.

What does luck consist of?


Víctor Manuel Guzmán Villena

“If nothing stakes, nothing is gained”. “To prove luck” occasionally is something very reasonable, but “to trust in the luck” like a systematical politics to follow is simply a stupidity. What does the luck involve?

To determine that a person is lucky it is convenient to do two fundamental clarifications:

First of all, and as for the person in question, the result that takes place is completely "accidental". There has to be something eventful whenever we speak about luck. (We might not say that an individual is lucky because the mail has come to his house, unless there has happened a catastrophe in which there has lost the whole mail with important messages except that belong of some individuals and this person is one of them).

Secondly, the result in question is of big importance while it is a question of a positive or negative result, a loss or a benefit. (If X win the lottery, has been lucky; if Z is struck by a stone, has no luck; but if we consider a fortuitous event like which a person is momentarily in the shade because of a cloud, in this case it is not possible to speak about luck).

And so, the luck implies three things:

1st) a beneficiary and an affected one;

2nd) an event that turns out to be a favorable (positive) or adverse (negative) from the point of view of the interests of the affected individual, and that also,

3rd) be fortuitous (unexpected and unforeseen).

The luck (good or bad) always provided with a normative element of good or bad; someone has to be affected in a positive or negative way for an event before his execution could be a properly qualified positively or negatively. It is only and exclusively because we have interests, for what the things can affect us for good or for bad; this implies that the luck is in action.

We cannot say that a person should be lucky because finds pigeons in a square, or because sees a cloud on his head, while these phenomena do not affect to the well-being of a person. (It would be very different if he had bet on this matter).

With a normal individual, these slovenly episodes, namely the famous meeting with the windmills, for example, would be a misfortune. But for the knight errant Quixote of La Manchat with his strange madness and his eccentric way of considering the things, everything was for good like demonstration of the seriousness of his dedication to the chivalrous mission.

The suspense that is imposed in this case as for the luck or misfortune serves to support the topic of the luck in suspense: the possibility of benefit or loss is crucial for the luck. An inert element, namely, a rock or a hammer cannot be lucky. There can happen things that preserve them or that spoil them, but the absence of any element of affectivity means interests absence and therefore it discards the entry in action of the luck.

It might compare “the defeat of one negative event” with “one positive event”, and consequently, “the defeat of a positive event” with “a negative event”; the direct and indirect ways of the luck could be identified. (The above mentioned identification turns out to be commendable since, considering the equation to be mentioned above, fail of the negative - positive event, it seems completely appropriate.

Perhaps to avoid to lose is not to win, but it is, without place to doubt, something positive. In any case, the good luck is not a gain or profit of any type, but is take a risk and leaving victorious.

Rosicrucian Order

To think with the heart and to love with the mind

Víctor Manuel Guzmán Villena

The concept Rosicrucian has a long history in Occident. It can be considered to be one of the lines of the practical esoterism of notable significance in the western tradition. Arisen in the XVIth century, although many of their followers make sure that its origins go back to the most remote antiquity, the Rose Cross Society bases its foundation on the writings of a personage, Christian Rosenkreutz, whose existence seems to be framed in the XIVth century, although his figure is diluted in the mist of the legend.

The Rose Cross used in their philosophy not only the supposed thought of his founder, but also the contents of those sciences or more substantial arts of the occultist current of Occident like the alchemy, Cabala, hermetic tradition or arcane symbolism.

Protected in these main lines, different personages of the XXth century created different schools or esoteric movements that, still having a common root, differ deeply in its doctrinal and practical expositions. Three principal schools are: Lectorium Rosicrucianum; the Brotherhood Rosicrucian and AMORC.


Lectorium Rosicrucianum or International school of the Rosacruz of Gold has his Central Head office in Haarlem - Holland, being this also its origin place. In 1924 the brothers Z.W. Leene (1892 - 1938) and J. Leene (1896 - 1968)joined the Rosicrucian Society, Dutch division (that had formed a few years earlier) of Rosicrucian Fellowship founded in 1909 by Max Heindel on Oceanside, California, USA. Soon they occupied in the Rosicrucian Society a prominent place and in 1929 they were assigned for the direction of it. In the year 1930 Mrs. H. Stok - Huizer (1902 - 1990) joined the brothers Leene and together they tackled a spiritual search from which it turned out that in the year 1935 they became independent of 'Rosicrucian Fellowship' and continued their way. Z.W. Leene died in the year 1938, but Mr. J. Leene and Mrs. H. Stok - Huizer continued together the initiated work. They wrote numerous works, which were published under his pseudonymic J. van Rijckenborgh and Catharose de Petri respectively.

After the Second World war, the activities of the Society could be re-tackled (which were prohibited for the invader during the years of the war) The mentioned spiritual leaders took a new way, centring increasingly on the concept 'gnosis', the knowledge of direct God, which one is a result of a way of spiritual development: birth by the water and spirit (Jhon 3:5). This process of spiritual development is symbolized of one or another way for 'The Chymical Wedding by Christian Rose Cross.

The name Christian Rose Cross is a denomination used by the classic Rosicrucian of the century seventeen to designate to the prototype of the man reborn in Christ and this way, completely renewed. He is to the service of the humanity with all his heart and his soul, for the achievement of the real spiritual renewal.

The concept 'gnosis' in a wider sense was the denomination used for the universal touch of Christ and his brotherhood, and his eternal salvation work across the whole history, also before Christ.

In the year 1945 the Rose Cross Society took the denomination of Lectorium Rosicrucianum and presented itself to the world as 'The Gnostic Spiritual School'. Since then more and more activities were developing out of Holland and at present Lectorium Rosicrucianum has pupils in many countries of Europe, South America, North America, Africa, Australia and New Zealand. From the death of Mr. J. van Rijckenborgh and Mrs. Catharose of Petri the Lectorium Rosicrucianum is directed by an International Spiritual Direction, which is assisted by national directions and groups of work.


It was founded by Max Heindel, who organizes a series of activities. He creates the School of Philosophy and other one of “Mystical Healers”. The school he called “Order“ is formed in accordance with a hierarchic system.

The Fraternety Rosicrucian is named to itself “Association of Christian mystics” and takes as a motto: "A balanced mind, a tender heart, a healthy body”. Formed by men and women who try to put into practice its philosophy, their leaders make emphasizes in a series of characteristics at the School, of which we highlight the following ones:

a) It is a door of access to one of seven schools of minor mysteries that exist in the world; b) It Contains secret educations of the Christian religion; that is to say, that one that Jesus was explaining privately to his disciples; c) their educations are destined principally to the western and Christian world, claiming that those who have stopped practising this religion return to the bosom of the real Christianity; d) Ensign that in the footpath of the development two temperaments exist: the mystic and the intellectual. The first one disdains the intellectual knowledge, following the dictations of the heart. The second one, on the contrary, attends exclusively on the reason leaving aside the feeling.

For the Rosacruz Fraternety the perfect man is that who possesses polarities: the positive belonging to the intellect and the reason, and the negative is that of the heart, which refers to the feeling and to the love. Naturally, the integral development of the individual includes this double slope that has to take care of it in full form, since both the mystic and the intellectual are developing from asymmetric form, to having concentrated more on one polarity than on other one; this unilateralidad constitutes an important limitation, since in a future time they will turn out to be needed of exercising another polarity. This way it is demanded by the natural laws that govern our evolution, and that have to lead us of insensitive form, but inexorable towards the perfection.

Inside the Rosicrucian Order, the heart and the intellect develops of parallel and symmetrical form; and it gives logical explanations to the religion and to the science. It is necessary to highlight that inside the order there are no irreconcilable assertions with the reason and also anyone can verify personally if takes the sufficient interest and develops his/her own potentials.

For the Rosicrucian Fraternity the “Terrestrial Period” has happened for several stadiums of evolution that names “races“, to each of these ones has given in its moment the religion most adapted for it development.

We wonder, in this point, who are in charge of transmits to the human being this legacy, the Fraternity answers that they are Top Beings who are in other planes and who ultimately are the persons in charge of our evolution.

In relation to the natural laws the Rosicrucian Fraternity grants special attention to : The law of the Renaissance that governs the evolution of the spirits in their terrestrial stage and with multiples existences the human being could be improving their spiritual quality. The law of Compensation or called Consequence law of Cause and effect, or Karma, it is the one that make that we all receive the proper effects of the causes, during our lives we put in functioning. This way we learn the opportune lessons on the natural laws and how we must observe them. The law of the Repentance is a contribution of the Christian doctrine.

Thanks to it, we are allowed to escape to the effect of the law of Compensation for the infractions that we have committed. According to this law, when we show deep repentance for any infraction of a natural law and realize the necessary repair to the harmed one, the consequences remain dissolved and excused. The Epigenesis law is a contribution of the educations of the Rosacruz Fraternity and they refer in direct form to the Compensation law. But if we ponder in it we come to the conclusion that its principles generates a completely mechanical world. Because, every cause produces an effect, which turns into following cause and in this way successively.


It is known like The Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis and whose name stems from the most ancient symbol that is the cross and only one red rose. Being important to emphasize that being its symbol a cross does not have religious relation but a proper allegorical sense.

Mariano Vázquez in his work “Esoteric Schools of Occident” points out that the initials of AMORC are an abbreviation of the words “Ancient and Mystical Order Rosae Crucis”. His studies program, gather a philosophy of life that is possible to live, the metaphysical idealism and the practical sciences like: physicist, chemist, biology, physiology and Psychology. He tries with his educational system, to free the society of the slave influence from the ignorance, the fanaticism, the fear and the superstition. Being his intentions to encourage the evolution of the humanity by means of the development of the potential that every individual possesses; teaching the significance and the application of the natural and cosmic laws that are evident in the universe, inside us and around us.

Its tradition is dating back to the mystery schools of ancient Egypt. In these schools, enlightened mystics gathered on a regular basis to explore the mysteries of existence. Precisely for this reason were called "mystery schools". They were grouping all the searchers who were aspiring to a better comprehension of the natural and universal laws. Therefore, the word “mystery“ in the ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman civilizations did not have the meaning that is given to it at the present. This way this Order, on having referred to its origins, there includes one of the first initiated the Pharaoh Thutmose III who grouped his followers in the unique fraternity of the one that AMORC perpetuates in our days the rules and essentials. And from this historical relation there is included a long list of names like Salomon, Pythagoras, Solon, Plotino, Charlemagne, Francis Bacón, Claude Debussy, Isaac Newton, Benjamín Franklin, René Descartes, etc.

Also indicates that the hermetic principle "The above is as below" is the slogan chosen for the school to teach that you can not understand the laws governing the metaphysical world, without knowing the basic principles that govern the physical world. To support its thesis AMORC remembered that the all great initiated the all times were well aware that the search for the invisible begins with observation and analysis of the visible.


In the long journey of the Rosicrucian, its relationship to Masonry holds an important place. For example, in the historical version provided by the most numerous and widespread of its organizations at present, AMORC, the Freemasons, would be the organization born of Solomon, a rosacrucian that did not become completely initiated"; version not accepted, obviously, by the Masons, and lacks of any historical base.

Jean Pierre Bayard in his book The secrets goals of the rosicrucian (Robin Book, Barcelona, 1991), that "The Manifestoes of the Rosicrucian, created or not by Andreae and his friends, have had a spiritual influence on many groups and, particularly, on those of England. Francis Bacon, with the Nova Atlantis, influenced and marked the Masonic lodges".

He affirms, on the other hand, that "Johann Gotthier, on having published in 1804 his book on the rosicrucian, thought that masons and rosicrucian they were not but the only group in its origin, that they separated to spread on one hand philosophical and philanthropic ideas in the Masonry and, on the other hand,the Rosicrucian, to carry out cabalistic and alchemical investigations". And, further on, he describes the intellectual ambience in which all this could take place, since "The same way we have seen that in the Century of the Lights those who felt attracted by the enlightenment that foci allowed the bloom of the freemasonry, well structured from 1717. This order only could remain vigilant to all creation of similar societies and to follow the continue evolution of the circles, always attributing to the Rosicrucian of Gold alchemical intentions". A few paragraphs that we consider, beyond anecdotes, as extremely explanatory.

It is important to note that the 18 degree in the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, practiced in most Masonic lodges around the world, is called the Great Prince Rose Croix. At this grade diverse symbols gathered undoubtedly are Rosicrucian: the triple kiss, the pelican, the eagle and wax bars to seal.

The S.R.I.A. is composed exclusively, we saw it previously, for Masons, who conceive the "Rosicrucian route" even a more spiritual, in some aspects superior, to experienced in the proper Masonry.

In the concrete case of the Rosicrucian Order, the aprons, of Masonic appearance to simple sight, the denomination of its places, "lodges", and the references to the Big or supreme Architect of the Universe; they send us, inevitably, to the Masonry as inspirer so much formal as materially or, at least, being part of a common trunk.

Manuel Guerra, in his extraordinary encyclopedic Dictionary of the sects (BAC, Madrid, 1999,2nd edition) makes sure that "The grades of initation, the secret, etc. of the rosicrucian must be influenced of the Masonry".

When some rosicrucian organizations analyze their differences with other tentities so called the same, they denounce the biggest or minor influence exercised by the Masonry in them. It is the case of the Rosacruz Fraternity of Max Heindel that, to differ from AMORC, resorts to the Masonic inspiration of the last one, when he affirms that in it the process of the beginning covers Masonic character: it is realized in a lodge, ceremony officials help, a precise ritual follows, pass words are used, signs and secret instructions are used and on the contrary, the followers of Max Heindel would experience a personal, spiritual and intimate initation.

But where a big inspiration source can be found for some of the current orders rosicruces, particularly AMORC, there is in the cloudy masonry called Egyptian, that is to say, the follower of the rites of Menfis, Misraim and Menfis-Misraim.

AMORC, in its text rosicrucian questions and answers,affirms, also, that "In the XVIIIth century, the Order of the Rose- cross and the Freemasonry they were very related,and tells why one of the highest grades of the Freemasonry takes the name of "Knight of the Rose Croix" . These two organizations are completely independent between themselves, and therefore, their activities also are. Certainly, there are numerous persons who are at the same time rosicrucian and masons, demonstrating that incompatibilities do not exist between these two movements".

Like summary, we try to establish some resemblances and differences between both currents, already become clear that the "humus" human and intellectual were common.

Resemblances: both are orders (organizations herarchicas and structured in degrees); they are initiatic entities (to move to one degree to another superior is by means of initiation ceremoniese; there are esoteric groups (for a minority, opposite to the religions exotérics, proper of the majorities); they affirm to go back to a remote antiquity; they possess systems of signs, touches and words; they realize its works in lodges directed by venerable teachers; they use aprons; they share numerous philosophical principles.

Differences: the masonry possesses three fundamental grades (Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft, Master Mason), while the rosicucian does not have them; the education systems are different (in the masonry it is symbolic, in the rosicrucian it is realized across periodic monographs); in the rosacruz one listens to the speech of the teacher and they move back, at the Masonic, the assistants exhibit their opinions; in the rosacruz the grade ascent is automatic, while in the masonry the applicants must credit their preparation; the apron rosacruz is triangle, on the contrary, in the masonry it is square; the masonry is focused on the simbología and the philosophical and social reflection, and the rosicrucian heads for the development of the potentialities of the person, the alchemy and the astrology.