Buddhism:The perfect Enlightened


Víctor Manuel Guzmán Villena

The Buddha is a real historical character. Although he is among the leaders of the largest religions in the world, never declared himself in any way divine or supernatural. Buddhism teaches that Buddha was born as a man not as God. Attained enlightenment due to conducted research on the nature of reality; myself and the world. This enlightenment did not came through by outside intervention or mystical or supernatural forces. The Way of the Buddha is a way of critical review and the ongoing investigation into the nature of life. The Buddha taught that blind faith and devotion alone will not lead to freedom or to enlightenment, even though they are useful at a certain stage.

Siddhartha Gautama was born around 560 BC in northern India. His father, Suddhodana, was the governor of the district near the Himalayas is now the country of Nepal. Suddhodana shelter his son from the outside world and confined to the palace where Gautama surrounded with pleasures and wealth. Despite the efforts of his father, Gautama one day saw the darker side of life on a tour that tookhim away from the walls of the palace.

When Buddha left his palace for the first time and took and wear the mantle filled with yellow patches of beggars, became an ascetic and wandering holy man, determined to attain enlightenment for the benefit of the world as soon as possible. For six years leading a life under the most rigorous austerity. While he was begging day and night, said that for several weeks ate only a single grain of rice every day, be coming to starved and emaciated. Nevertheless and, in spite of his efforts he felt that the goal of the lighting was avoiding him.

The Buddhism began as an offspring of Hinduism in India. The founder was Siddhartha Gautama. It is not easy to give a precise historical account of the life of Gautama, since no biography registered up to hundreds of years after his death.

Today, big part of the history of his life is wrapped in myths and legends that arose after his death. Even the best historians of our day have several different histories and even contradictory of the Gautama's life.

What Buddha understood finally, after being at the edge of the death from starvation, is searching for the truth must first move away from the extremes of either the passion and self-mortification in order to find the way that means the moderation of the middle Way. Buddha observed that a spiritual life perfectly realized is not a carnival adventure of exhilarious increases and terrified descents.

The lesson earlier described of Buddha left for us is that the happiness and/or the Nirvana cannot be in a life of that he devotes himself, principally, to take care of the sensual gratification (more money, sex, holidays, social position, pride or any other materialistic variant on the topic of more). But, quite surprisingly, Buddha taught us also that a life dedicated to the autodenial, to the autoentreaty, the self-censorship and to the guilt, is the same way dumb and badly directed. The attachment is still the attachment, although it takes the inverse form of autodenial and auto hatred.

The primary doctrine of the Buddhism finds in the truths words or educations of Buddha gathered in the writing and known as sutras. Sutra is a Sanskrit word translated originally like "thread" or "rope". Together with the Sutra, Buddha bequeathed to us numerous oaths and monastic disciplines (known as the Vinaya) and treated (known as the Abhidharma) that explain the psychology Buddhist. These three sets of lessons form the original Buddhist canon, known as the Tripitaka, which translates as the Three baskets or Sets. These are the original teachings of the historical Buddha, in his first version written in Pali

When Buddha realized the perfect lighting, the veils of the illusion fell down of his eyes. Free of the entanglements of the desire, had finally reached the lasting happiness. With the completely open knowledge eye, the truth remained clear of “what it is”. He said that he could perceive and remember hundreds of his past lives; it knew and was comprising the intricate and precise laws of the karma and of the reincarnation; and he was recognizing the effects of the ignorance, the fidelity and the desire. Awake Buddha indicated four noble truths, which it means the facts themselves from the perspective of an illuminated one. Four Noble Truths form the nucleus of the Dharma Buddhist who is the nature of the life that all the beings face difficulties; across living illuminated through one it can come out these difficulties, turning finally in realized, in liberated and free.

Free of the entanglements of desire, had finally reached the lasting happiness. With the eye of wisdom fully opened, became evident the truth of "what it is". He said he could perceive and remember hundreds of their past lives; knew and understood the intricate and precise laws of karma and the reincarnation and recognizing the effects of ignorance, attachment and desire. The Buddha drew up the four noble truths, which means the facts themselves from the perspective of an illuminated one. The Four Noble Truths form the core of the Buddhist Dharma that is the nature of life that all beings faced difficulties; live through the illuminated one can transcend these difficulties, becoming finally, liberated and free.

Dharma: (Chinese: fa) The laws governing the universe, discovered and proclaimed by Buddha, they have not been dictated by a creator, are unalterable and are valid in themselves. There are from time without beginning. Also known as Dharma on the Teaching of Buddha. "Sending the Dharma to the world in the form of rain.

This Dharma that has only one flavor, is grown according to the abilities of each one, as well as in the forest the trees are using rainwater for its growth according to its size. The Dharma of all the Buddhas is always with one flavor, it produces perfection in the world. Through his practice gradually all reach the fruits of the Way. "

Studying the Writing Buddhists (Sutras) we learn the Dharma. The Dharma includes all the methods of practice taught by Buddha, provoking our awakening and the perception of our real nature. They are the means for an end and not the end in itself.

The mind of the living beings is different and this way also it is the Dharma needed to transform them. That's why we say that the thousands of doors of the Dharma are like the varied medicines that treat the illnesses of the living beings. The best Dharma for a being, is that one adapted to his/her nature and circumstances. None is better or worse than other.

"He makes to turn the wonderful and inconceivable Wheel of the Dharma and this way it makes to know the conduct corresponding to the Way of the Lighting (awakening), which destroys forever the sufferings of all the beings".

The First Noble Truth is the difficult life, the suffering exists. The Second Noble Truth is the life it is difficult due to the attachment, because we wish satisfaction in forms that are inherently unsatisfactory. The Third Noble Truth exists for all the possibility of liberation of the difficulties. The fourth Noble Truth: The way of realizing this liberation and lighting is taking a compassionate life of virtue, knowledge and meditation, These spiritual practices include the education of Path Eightfold towards the Lighting

It should be noted that the eight steps toward enlightenment in the Noble Eightfold Path are:

1. Right View
2. Right Intention

Ethical Conduct
3. Right Speech
4. Right Action
5. Right Livelihood

Mental Development6. Right Effort
7. Right Mindfulness
8. Right Concentration

Although they are listed in numerical order, the intent of Buddha was the steps being taught as a circle or as an eight-wheel spokes, with interconnecting links to help us develop the three core values of Buddhism: wisdom, ethics and meditative conscience.

The wisdom, ethics and meditative conscience known as the three trainings or superior lighting. being inseparable, they complement each other as a tripod or as the three sides of a single bright jewel. The awakening of our inner Buddha depends on achieving these qualities in our life.


Only the one who manages to conquer all theirs wishes reaches the Nirvana, the entire lighting, and after a dead person is not reborn again, but enters the parinirvana, finishing thus with any earthly suffering. The Nirvana is reached following the way of the liberation, in a simple life dedicated to the meditation and completely liberated of the weight of both, the vices and the virtues.

Nirvana is an eternal state of being. It is the state where the law of karma and the cycle of rebirth come to an end. It's the end of suffering, the state where there is no desires and the individual conscience comes to its end. Although to our western minds we could dream like the annihilation, the Buddhists would object such an idea. Gautama never gave an exact description of the Nirvana, but his most nearby answer was this.

"There is that dimension where there is neither earth, nor water, nor fire, nor wind; neither dimension of the infinitude of space, nor dimension of the infinitude of consciousness, nor dimension of nothingness, nor dimension of neither perception nor non-perception; neither this world, nor the next world, nor sun, nor moon. And there, I say, there is neither coming, nor going, nor stasis; neither passing away nor arising: without stance, without foundation, without support [mental object]. This, just this, is the end of stress."

For many the Buddhism is a religion, others affirm that it is a Science of the Mind, also it is considered to be a Philosophy of the life and some of them adopt it like a Psychological Therapy.

Buddhism focuses on the mind, and is an effective therapeutic way to deal with the problems of life.

Buddha reached the lighting in the twinkling of an eye and founded the first religion without God. God exists but we can not know Him. Just knowing ourselves, we can get to Him.

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