Victor Manuel Guzmán Villena
The Earth is not the center of the universe! To got this affirmation as a completed truth has been surprising the conquest of the freedom of the humanity. When Copernicus presented his revolutionary theory for the first time, affirmed that the Earth on the contrary revolves around the sun rather to the contrary, people thought he was crazy. In fact, when Galileo used a telescope to prove the "Heliocentric theory of Copernicus", he was considered a heretic for challenging the prevailing religious beliefs with their scientific concepts; Galileo was prosecuted and ordered to renounce his beliefs. Before face torture, renounced to his affirmations and was placed under house arrest, where he remained the last eight years of his life. It is said that when he was on the verge of death, his last words were: "no matter what they say, the earth revolves around the sun."
We accept the truth of Copernicus and Galileo, but exists to this day beliefs that impede a scientific truth about the universe and penetrate the deeper meaning in which each of us is the center of our own universe, and is not that what prevents the mental capacity but the loss of freedom to think and confront these truths and concepts that underlie beyond the mind.
True freedom is divided according to the philosophy, internal and external.
-The external is the power that we have to act according to our will, given our position and those of other human in the world.
-The internal is the power of thinking, appreciate human beings and their actions in accordance with the dictates of our conscience. On this base of appreciation we will divide the freedom in positive and natural.
We call positive to the first, because it is limited by the laws and customs that govern all the beings; and natural to second, because the national beings enjoy it in the sphere of their major or minor intellectual and moral development.
The positive freedom decreases or tends to decrease as human being advances through their knowledge, because the complicated duties and rights arising from the physical development, intellectual and moral in the world, recognize by limits and duties and equal rights, which must be respected and demand of others.
We may enjoy more freedom in a pure state! True, we must contemplate the world free of illusion or distortion of the reality that surrounds us, see where there are pink roses, see thorns where there are thorns. We will see that ample and unlimited freedom in beings who know and who have developed the knowledge of the essence of the world around us, means knowing what it is, knowing how things operate and know ourselves and others. To show the contrary is when the spirit is lacking the light of knowledge, morality, respect for nature and lacks of true freedom, think or work in close circles of the material accumulations. Moreover, it is essential to exercise that individual freedom because it is essential to know and understand ourselves.
Is ignorance mitigating circumstance? I have to explain why the humanity has progressed more but much more, in the twenty passed centuries, that in the historical periods previous to the Christian era. Because we followed a increasing progression, according to the times in that we developed our intelligence, conditions for developing our faculties in ampler field every day. The freedom is not another thing that the necessary consequence of the combination of the will and the intelligence, directed in varied sense. It is an effect of the free will, innate in all human being, genuine big effect, because it is the most active and powerful coefficient of the progress, and as well, it gives birth to another coefficient of not less importance, is called moral responsibility.
In summary: The freedom supposes a more or less clear knowledge of the acts that are executed and a will perfectly defined by the development of intelligence. use our will to act with knowledge of what is done, if we do not do that the freedom does not exist.
The progress in all transcendental manifestations are important not only for the individual life but the development of the society as a whole, development degree which has needed centuries to reach the human greatness, and in spite of the passed time still does not manage all secrets of life and science. Still are those who fight the great conquests of the humanity in our time, those who do not believe in tequality, tolerance and reason. Nevertheless that the tolerance is the precursor and the eternal companion of the freedom, and the equality is the best conquest of the humankind.